The most common type of obstetrical surgery is the Cesarean Section, or "C-section." During a C-Section, an incision is made below the belly button to deliver a baby (or babies). There are many reasons a physician may perform a C-section, but some of the most common include labor failing to proceed normally, the baby having difficulty tolerating labor, the baby coming out backwards, or the mother having had a prior C-section. About 20-25% of all babies in the U.S. are born by C-section. Our goal is to minimize the number of C-sections in our practice while providing the safest care possible.
An uncommon type of obstetrical surgery is a Cervical Cerclage. This is when thick thread or suture is sewed around the cervix (the opening where the baby will eventually come through). The cervix may be weak from previous surgeries, and some women are born with a weaker cervix that cannot hold the baby inside for the whole pregnancy. Cerclages are generally placed after the first third of pregnancy when forces on the cervix become more intense.
A more uncommon type of obstetrical surgery is a Cesarean Hysterectomy. This is when the uterus is removed at or near the time of delivery. The usual reason is massive and life threatening bleeding from the mother which can only be corrected with this dramatic step.